lahsparentneedtoknow 2017-10-26T11:58:45+00:00

Parent Need To Know

Procedures

Daily Bell Schedule:
7:50 ­‐ 9:25
    Period 1 A/B
9:35 – 11:15
    Period 2 A/B
11:15 – 11:50
    Lunch
12:00 – 1:35
    Period 3 A/B
1:45 – 2:35
    Period 4
2:40 – 3:10
    Academic Time

Click here for Bell Schedules: 7 Period Day and Homecoming

Textbooks at LAHS are issued through the book depository.
Textbooks are the property of the State of New Mexico. Books are on loan to students for their use. Any lost, stolen, or damaged books are the responsibility of the student to whom the texts were issued. Students must report stolen textbooks to school security and file a report. Books will be reissued. A school ID is required to check out any textbook. Fines will be assessed at the end of the year for damaged or lost books.

Book Depository Hours
A Days: 7:40- 11:30am/ 1:35 – 3:00 pm
Closed 3A

B Days: 7:40- 11:30am/ 1:35 – 3:00 pm
Closed 3B

TBC phone number: 663-2559
Contact:  b.baker@laschools.net   with any questions

Checking Students Out of School:  If arrangements have not been made in advance with attendance to pick up a student from school, the parent or guardian must come into the school and have a driver’s license or a picture ID that verifies his or her identity as a custodial parent in order to check the student out of school.
Los Alamos High School

Don’t Just Be A Bystander, Help Keep Our School Safe!

School Tip Line – Report crimes that occur on campus or report suspected bullying

Two Ways to Report: Call: (505) 663-2570 • E-mail: lahshelp@laschools.net
LAHS pays rewards only to the first caller with correct information that leads to an arrest. The name of the person providing information will be kept anonymous. In the event that two or more people contact LAHS simultaneously, any reward offered will be divided equally among the tipsters.

Code of Conduct

A Los Alamos High School student is expected to conduct himself or herself in a respectful and honest manner at all times, a manner that reflects on the quality of the person that he or she is becoming and that reflects on his/her character, school, family, and community. The choice of academic dishonesty by a Los Alamo High School student is unacceptable.

Plagiarism, copying, cheating, and/or presenting material as one’s own when it is not, including materials undocumented from the internet, are dishonest and reflect poorly on the student. LAHS uses software that specifically helps students edit papers and software that specifically helps teachers ensure academic honesty. Circumstances in which a student has asked another student for his or her work or has given material to another student for the purpose of copying is also dishonest.

The consequence of academic dishonesty includes an automatic zero for the assignment or test. At the teacher’s discretion, it may also result in an F for the term and/or an F for the semester. Other consequences may include removal from membership in student organizations, e.g., National Honor Society. Each and every instance of academic dishonesty will be provided to the administration and kept on record in the main office.

Attending any school-sponsored theater performance, concert play, assembly, etc. is a privilege and not a right. Students are expected to display appropriate audience behavior throughout each performance attended. Failure to do so may result in being removed from the performance or assembly. Additional consequences may be applied.

The following rules apply to all presentation participants:

–    No food, gum, or drink allowed in Smith Auditorium or Griffith Gym;
–    No feet on the chairs;
–    No talking or visiting during the performance;
–    No screaming, yelling, or whistling during the performance Applause is the proper manner by which performers wish to be appreciated!
–    No cell phones or electronic devices that interfere with the performances;
–    Do not stand in the back of the theater or block entrances or exits.

GENERAL BEHAVIOR

By nature of being enrolled as a student at LAHS, you agree to accept and follow all school board and LAHS policies as stated in the Code of Conduct.

All students are expected to behave in a manner appropriate to a high school age student while on campus and/or while participating in any school sponsored activities. Students are expected to carefully consider their choices and to be prepared to accept the consequences of their decisions. Students are expected to:
–    Attend every class on time.
–    Complete the work given on time.
–    Be respectful and expect the same from others both in and outside the classroom.

Students are expected to behave in an appropriate manner that does not interfere with the rights of others, does not interfere with the educational process, and does not create an unsafe environment. These include, but are not limited to, the following prohibited acts:
–    Congregating in the halls and disrupting the flow of traffic during passing periods;
–    Actions (verbal or written) that threaten the safety or well-being of students and staff (e.g., expressions of violence, verbal or physical assault, et. al.);
–    Bullying, intimidation and/or harassment;
–    Refusal to cooperate with school personnel;
–    Refusal to adhere to the Dress Code;
–    Refusal to adhere to the Electronic Signaling Devices Policy;
–    Refusal to identify one’s self;
–    Falsely identifying one’s self when asked for name from school personnel (including but not limited to attendance call-in either for calling in to excused one’s self or another person for an absence);
–    Failure to carry a school issued identification card;
–    Obscenity, profanity, libel, slander and “Fighting” words or symbols;
–    Sexual harassment;
–    Participating in initiations and/or hazing;
–    Presence in hallways or on campus during unsupervised periods;
–    Leaving the room without having the teacher write his/her initials and the time in the agenda book on the day/date student leaves the room for a bathroom pass, getting materials, etc.;
–    Recording or filming anything on campus without permission by certified staff and/or administration;
–    Selling for personal profit, including but not limited to cigarettes, sodas, burritos, jewelry, etc.;
–    Gambling;
–    Defacing, graffiti, and/or vandalism to school property including the use of shoe polish, paint, markers, etc.;
–    Criminal damage to property, criminal trespass, and criminal libel;
–    Extortion;
–    Larceny, robbery, burglary, or theft;
–    Leaving campus during a scheduled class time without parental permission;
–    Interfering with the educational process;
–    Pulling of false alarms;
–    Calling in to excuse one’s self or another person for an absence;
–    Forging a signature;
–    Snowball throwing or tossing;
–    Skateboarding/rollerblading, scooters, roller skating shoes, and/or bicycle or unicycle riding on campus;
–    Using laser/pointer pens;
–    Failure to use the overpass.

Disruption of the Educational Process or any act of misconduct shall be subject to the discretionary action by appropriate school personnel. Consequences for violation of a prohibited act may include but are not limited to any of the following: a verbal warning, loss of access to a particular area or to certain activities or a class, an out-of-school suspension, lunch detention, clean-up, restitution and/or a fine. In situations involving a violation of municipal, state or federal statute, police will be notified and a report will be filed.

Two or more of the same violations of the code of conduct may result in a suspension to a long term suspension (LTS) or expulsion hearing.

ANY of the above infractions that occur during the last two weeks of school may have consequences that are completed during the following school year.

NOTE: The following prohibited acts are considered “non-negotiable” and WILL result in an out-of-school suspension, which MAY lead to a hearing with the superintendent, and MAY result in an out-of-school long term suspension (LTS) or expulsion.  In situations involving a violation of municipal, state or federal statute, police will be notified and a report will be filed.
–    Verbal or physical abuse of staff;
–    Fighting, assault, and/or battery;
–    Gang activity or activities;
–    Use / possession of alcohol and/or drugs and drug look-alikes, and/or drug paraphernalia;
–    Use / possession of weapons or any item or device that may be used as a weapon;
–    Bomb threats and other acts of violence, including but not limited to gangs, hate groups, et.al.
–    Promoting, initiating, or encouraging behavior in others that may result in physical, emotional, or social harm.
–    Repeated inappropriate behavior for which consequences have not deterred.

Violation Form

Cell phones, PDA’s, pagers, wireless devices, cameras (the exception being cameras used for photo classes), blackberries, I Pods, CD players, computers, or any other communication devices deemed to be in violation of school board policy or inappropriate by an administrator are subject to disciplinary actions. Use of electronic signaling devices is forbidden during class time on the high school campus.  School staff is directed to confiscate any electronic signaling device that they see or hear during class time.

Parents should not attempt to contact a student via the student’s cell phone during class time, as it is disruptive to the educational process.  If there is an emergency, parents should notify the office.

Cell phones may only be used before school, during lunch, during passing periods, and after school.

If a student chooses to use such a device at any time other than that listed above, s/he will be given a warning, which will be documented in the main office. Phone or device is taken for the day and that action will be documented in the administrative office and returned to the student at the end of the school day. After the warning, the following disciplinary actions will be taken for violations of this policy.

Warning:     Phone is taken for the day and that action is documented in the administrative office and returned to the student at the end of the school day at 3:10.

1st Offense:    Phone is taken and the parent / guardian of the student may reclaim the electronic device from administration at the end of three (3) school days after 3:10.

2nd Offense:   Phone is taken and the parent / guardian of the student may reclaim the electronic device from the administration after 30 calendar days after 3:10.

3rd Offense:    Phone is taken and the parent / guardian of the student may reclaim the electronic device at the end of the current semester.

Student will sign each time s/he reclaims phone as receipt of phone. Day counts start the day after a phone is taken, unless before 9:00 AM.

Los Alamos High School is not responsible for electronic devices that are lost, stolen, damaged, or contraband items while on school property.  Our preference is that students not bring any electronic Signaling Devices to school so they may focus on school work; parents may always notify the office if they need to contact their students for an emergency.

Students’ parents are encouraged to file a report with the Los Alamos Police Department if electronic signaling devices are lost, stolen, or damaged.

Dress Code Violation Form

Students are expected to wear appropriate and acceptable clothing while on campus, on field trips, and during off-campus events at which students represent LAHS for athletics and/or activities. Any clothing that disrupts the learning environment or is provocative or seductive is in violation of the LAHS Dress Code.

  • Cleavage is not to be visible at any time.
  • Navels are not to be visible at any time.
  • Pelvic bones and area are not to be visible at any time.
  • Midriffs are not to be visible at any time. No skin should be shown between the bottom of the shirt / blouse and the top of the pants/skirt when arms are stretched upward.
  • All tops (male and female) are to have a minimum 2″ strap and must fall a minimum of 2″ below the top of the waistband when standing with arms at sides. Necklines may not be lower than the student’s own horizontal hand width from the lower collarbone. All tops are to have backs.
  • Skirts and dresses, including slits, are to be no higher than 4 inches above the knee.
  • Shorts and skorts are to be no shorter than 4 inches above the knee.
  • No slacks, pants, jeans, shorts, etc., may be without waistbands.
  • Saggy pants are not permitted.
  • Underwear including boxers, sports bras, bras and tank-top style undershirts may not be exposed.
  • No pajamas (tops or bottoms) will be worn.
  • No revealing and/or see-through clothing is to be worn.
  • No clothing or article worn or carried by the student may display words or symbols or colors of gangs, drugs, alcohol, tobacco, violence, racism, inappropriate language or images, or symbols of a sexual/sexist nature.
  • Clothing may not be ripped or frayed.
  • Bandanas, do-rags, shower caps, and hairnets may not be worn.
  • Shoes must be worn at all times on campus and in buildings.

Individual teachers make classroom rules about wearing hats and specific course related clothing, e.g., PE clothes. The administration will support each individual teacher’s rules in these clothing areas. The administration further reserves the right to make further determinations as necessary.
On rare occasions for the purposes of team/club spirit and with the pre-approval of the athletic director and administration, portions of the dress code may be temporarily suspended.

Students who choose to violate the dress code will be issued a Dress Code violation form and will be required to 1) change into other clothing they may have with them; 2) change into clothing provided by the school, or 3) wait for their parents / guardians to bring a change of clothes or be sent home. The time missed from class will be considered “unexcused”. Clothing that is “borrowed” must be returned clean to the main office on the day following the incident.

Upon a second violation, the student will be given a minimum of five (5) days lunch detention and/or suspended for refusal to cooperate.

School board policy regulates the school’s expectation regarding alcohol and illicit drug use and possession on campus, at school sponsored activities (both on campus and off campus), within the legally defined “drug free school zone”, and during other activities as governed by the activity code. LAPS Board Policy 5129 details specific consequences for the following:
–    possession and/or use of drug paraphernalia,
-    suspicion of drug / alcohol use,
-    evidence of drug / alcohol use,
-    suspicion or evidence of possession / use of drugs / alcohol, and/or,
-    suspicion or evidence of dealing, sharing, and/or giving away drugs / alcohol.
In summary, “under the influence” will result in out-of-school suspension. All instances of possession and dealing will also be referred to the police department. PLEASE NOTE: Board policy states that the minimum requirement for consequences related to drugs or alcohol is “…suspicion of.” A copy of the board policy is available in the main office or on the website.

Should an emergency or disaster situation ever arise in our area while school is in session, Los Alamos Public Schools have put some specific procedures in place.

If there is a major disaster during school hours, those procedures will be put in place.  The district’s detailed emergency response plans have been formulated to respond to a major catastrophe.  The district will provide any information necessary for your emergency planning needs in case of an emergency. After you have thoughtfully reviewed these process, please sit with your child(ren) and help them to understand the necessity of following the directions of any school personnel in times of an emergency drill or actual emergency situation.  The safety of all depends on all personnel and students treating drills and emergency directions with serious respect.

Your help and cooperation is necessary in any emergency:

  1. Please do not telephone the school. Telephone lines may be needed for emergency communication. You can receive updated information through an emergency communication system, provided by LAPS & Los Alamos County.
  2. In the event of a serious emergency, students will be kept at their schools or at an evacuation site until they can be picked up by an identified, responsible adult who has been listed as such on a LAPS emergency card. The emergency card is required at registration and should be updated as needed.  When you fill out the emergency card,consider the following criteria when authorizing another person to pickup your child at school:
a.    S/He is 18 years of age or older.
b.    S/He is usually home during the day.
c.    S/He could walk to school, if necessary.
d.    S/He is known to your child.

e.    S/He is both aware and able to assume this responsibility.

During an extreme emergency, students will be released at designated  Evacuation sites, identified by the Incident Commander and located at school sites.  Please instruct your student to remain at the school until you or your designee arrives.
  1. Turn your radio to AM 1610 for emergency announcements.  If students are kept at school, radio stations will be notified.  If electrical service is not affected, information will be relayed via LAPS to the radio and television broadcast media. Information regarding day-to-day school operations will be available by accessing our website or by subscribing to our E-Alerts web-based system.  All sites have hotline numbers, which will be updated.
  2. If an emergency takes place during the time that students are being transported to or from school:
    1. Students will be kept on the bus, and the driver will ask for assistance through radio contact with the school and district personnel.
    2. Any child who is home waiting for the bus will not be picked up and remains the responsibility of the parent or guardian.
    3. In any situation, if the student’s bus does not arrive at the stop within fifteen (15) minutes, the student should return home.
    4. In the event that an emergency occurs in the afternoon, the driver will make every attempt to continue delivering the students to their homes.  Should road conditions prevent the driver from delivering students to their home or school in the morning, the students will be delivered to the nearest district site, and that site’s personnel will communicate the students’ whereabouts to parents.
  3. In case of a hazardous release event (i.e., chemical spill) near the school area, Shelter-In-Place procedures will be implemented to provide “in place” protection.  All students and staff will clear the fields, report to their rooms, and all efforts will be made to prevent outside air from entering the classrooms during the emergency.  “Shelter-In-Place” signs will be placed in classroom windows or hung outside classroom doors during a drill or emergency.  Students arriving at school during a Shelter-In-Place drill or event should report to the school office or to a previously designated area at the school because classrooms will be inaccessible.  When the dangerous incident has subsided, an “all clear” signal will be given.

In the case of a county-wide evacuation, which includes the schools,the evacuation will proceed in accordance with the protocols established in the Los Alamos County Emergency Operations Plan.  Please access the County’s website for information for this county-wide evacuation plan.

Please discuss these matters with your immediate family. We all need to plan ahead as much as possible to help alleviate concerns during emergencies.

Possession of firearms and/or deadly weapons on or near school property is prohibited by the Weapon-Free Schools Act (NM 22-5-4.7). Possession includes having any such items in a private vehicle, in a school locker, or a back pack. Any student found to be in violation of this policy will be suspended out of school with a recommendation for expulsion pending a hearing before the Superintendent. Los Alamos Public Schools maintains a zero tolerance policy concerning the possession of firearms and/or deadly weapons. A copy of the board policy is available in the main office.

New Mexico statute requires that all students and staff evacuate the building during a fire drill, fire alarm, or mandatory evacuation. Shelter-in-place and lock-down procedures also require full cooperation. Refusal to cooperate will result in appropriate consequences. In the event of a critical incident, LAPD will establish a response command center on campus and will make the decisions from that point on. Parents may not come on campus or leave campus during a lock down.

Hazing will not be permitted as a condition of membership in any group or organization affiliated with LAHS. Hazing is defined as “to harass by exacting unnecessary, disagreeable or degrading tasks or activities which may result in harm or bodily injury to an individual or to play abusive and humiliating tricks on an individual by way of initiation.”  Hazing includes but is not limited to:

  1. “Any activity involving any risk of physical harm, including, paddling, tattooing or piercing, beating, whipping, branding, electric shock, sleep deprivation, exposure to weather, placement of harmful substances on the body, participation in activities leading to physically dangerous activities,
  2. “Any activity involving the consumption of alcohol, drugs, tobacco products, or any other food, liquid, or other substance that subjects the student to a unreasonable risk of physical harm,
  3. “Any activity involving actions of a sexual nature or the simulation of actions of a sexual nature,
  4. “Any activity and/or activities that subject a student to any level of embarrassment, or which creates a hostile, abusive, and intimidating environment for the student.”
  5. Any activity involving any violation of federal, state, or local law, or any violation of LAPS, LAHS and school policies and regulations.

In order to maintain a respectful atmosphere on campus, students are to refrain from overt public displays of affection while on school grounds and at school events. This includes sitting on laps, groping, lengthy kissing, etc. If a student has a question as to what is appropriate, he or she may discuss it with an administrator. High school staff will intervene when displays of affection are inappropriate.

The New Mexico Department of Public Safety (DPS) regularly publishes information on registered sex offenders.

The Los Alamos Public Schools Board of Education urges all parents and guardians of district students to check the listing of registered sex offenders residing within the district so that they may take appropriate precautions for the safety and welfare of their children/charges.

The listings include addresses of registered sex offenders in most cases so parents and guardians may determine if registered sex offenders live near their children’s or charge’s schools, school bus stops, or their walking routes to school.

Parents and guardians may review the listings on the DPS website.

The listings may be searched by city, county, and by other categories. If you do not have a computer in your home through which you can access the DPS website, you can access the website through the Public Library.

Pursuant to the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act, the release of sex offender registration information is limited to those individuals convicted of certain sex offenses on or after July 1, 1995, or those individuals convicted of a sex offense prior to that date who were incarcerated or on probation/parole as of that date.

The integrity and accuracy of the information provided by DPS is based on the information provided at the time a sex offender registers. Address information is subject to request change. Information is updated when a sex offender registers, re-registers, after moving or following annual renewal; however, you are cautioned that the information contained on the DPS’s web page may not reflect the current residence, status, or other information regarding the offender.

If you believe there is a question regarding the accuracy of the information provided, please notify DPS at (505) 827-9193

Three formal school-sponsored dances will be held during the academic year: Homecoming, Winter Ball, and Junior-Senior Prom. The following apply to all dances:

  • All students and guests must present a current photo I.D. in order to be admitted. No exceptions!
  • Tickets will not be sold at the door.
  • Students who leave a dance early will not be permitted to return.
  • Those who CANNOT attend include:
    • Middle school students
    • Non-high school age students — exception: written approval byWednesday prior to the dance by an administrator. NOTE: This rule alsoapplies to home-schooled students residing in Los Alamos.
    • Adults 21 years of age and older

Freshmen are not permitted to attend the Junior Senior Prom, and a sophomore is allowed to attend the Junior Senior Prom when s/he is an invited guest and when there is written approval three (3) school days prior to the dance by an administrator.

Guest forms are available on the LAHS website. The administration trusts that students will demonstrate appropriate taste in their selection of formal evening attire for Homecoming, Winter Ball, and Junior Senior Prom. Examples of formal attire for young women include spaghetti straps, strapless, sleeveless, and backless gowns. Examples of formal attire for young men include dress slacks and dress shirt. A tie and/or sports coat and/or suit or tuxedo is optional and preferred but not required.  Unless designated, costumes are not permitted. The administration reserves the right to determine what constitutes inappropriate attire. Inappropriately dressed students will be refunded the amount of their ticket and turned away at the door.

On-campus behavior expectations apply to all school-sponsored events. LAHS school dances are chaperoned by LAHS parents, staff members, LAPD officers and security. All students are monitored with a passive alcohol breathalyzer test at the door. If there is suspicion that a student is under the influence of an illegal substance, a direct breathalyzer test will be required. The drug and alcohol policy and consequences will be in effect and dealt with by an administrator on an individual basis, following school rules.

Unwanted or unwelcome behavior toward another person will not be tolerated. Examples include, but are not limited to, unwanted touching, sexual comments, name calling, spreading rumors, pressure for sexual activity, obscene gesture(s), “dirty pictures/jokes/cartoons,” leering or staring at someone in a sexual way, grabbing/ pulling on someone’s clothing, sexual assault. Based on severity, consequences could range from a serious talk to detention to a long-term suspension. Sexual behavior that is both unwanted and unsolicited and creates a hostile environment constitutes harassment. Hostile Environment sexual harassment includes unwelcome words or actions of a sexual nature sufficiently severe or pervasive to create a hostile or abusive school environment. This harassment can take place in an interaction in the form of male to female, female to male, male to male, female to female, teacher to student, or student to teacher.  Quid Pro Quo is the pressure to engage in sexual behavior linked to threats of tangible job/school consequences.

Even if both parties contribute to the behavior, it is still inappropriate and subject to consequences.
Sexual harassment is prohibited by Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. To judge whether the behavior is sexual harassment and/or inappropriate behavior, ask:

  • Do I take an equal part in the behavior?
  • Do I encourage the behavior and return it?
  • Would I approve if someone behaved like this to my friend, my sibling, my parent/ guardian?
  • Would I want this behavior reported in the local newspaper?

If you are being harassed, please notify a teacher, counselor, administrator or campus security.

Violation Form

SKATEBOARDS AND OTHER SIMILAR MODES OF TRANSPORTATION (including but not limited to roller blades, line skates, scooters, roller skating shoes, rip-sticks, heelies, and/or bicycle or unicycle and other similar modes of transportation);

Skateboards and other similar modes of transportation may only be used as a mode of transportation to and from school. They must be carried onto campus and placed in a locker during the school day. They are not to be carried in or on backpacks.

If a student chooses to use his or her skateboard or other mode of transportation on campus, s/he will be given a warning, which will be documented in the main office. The mode of transportation will be taken for the day and returned to the student at the end of the school day; that warning consequence will be documented in the administrative office.

After a warning, the following disciplinary actions will be taken for violations of this policy.

If a student chooses to use a skateboard at any time on the LAHS campus, the following will occur:

1st Offense:    Skateboard and/or other similar modes of transportation will be taken to the main office. The student may reclaim the transportation mode from the administration at the end of five (5) school days after 3:10.

2nd Offense:    Skateboard and/or other similar modes of transportation will be taken to the main office. The parent/guardian of the student may reclaim the transportation mode from the administration after thirty (30) calendar days.

3rd Offense:    The parent/guardian of the student may reclaim the modes of transportation from the main office at the end of the current semester.

LAHS is not responsible for skateboards that are lost, stolen, or damaged while on school property. Students and parents are encouraged to file a report with the Los Alamos Police Department.

LAHS reserves the right to search a student with a metal detector or use a breathalyzer or use medical personnel or other reasonable means if there is “reasonable suspicion” that illegal or potentially harmful items to students and staff might be in the student’s possession. Certified school personnel, campus security, and school bus drivers are “authorized persons” to conduct searches. School property, including lockers and school buses, may be searched with or without students present. When students are not present for locker searches, another authorized person shall serve as a witness. Student vehicles while on campus or otherwise under school control and students’ personal effects which are not within their immediate physical possession may be searched in accordance with the requirements for locker searches for locker searches. Any items, illegal or legal, or that threaten the safety or security of others and are used to disrupt or interfere with the education process may be seized by authorized persons.

Board policy requires that all LAHS buildings and grounds be tobacco-free areas, including specifically the stairs to L-wing, the area behind E-wing, and the area behind D-wing. Students and staff are not to use tobacco or tobacco like substances (mint, clove, nutmeg) on school grounds, including cars parked in the school parking lots. Lighters and tobacco are not allowed on campus and will be confiscated if found to be in a student’s possession, and the student will be issued the following consequences.

1st offense:
Three (3) days lunch detention; parent contact

2nd offense:
Six (6) days lunch detention; parent contact, possible referral to substance abuse counselor

Great Schools. Great Place to Live. Great People

Los Alamos Public Schools is ranked as one of the premier school districts in the United States. LAPS serves as the primary school district for Los Alamos County, a county recently recognized as a Top 10 County for public schools. See links below on our outstanding achievements for the school district and our outstanding partnership with Los Alamos County.

#1 School District in New Mexico

Top 10 Counties in America for Education

Best Places to Live Top 10

Los Alamos Country #1 for Quality of Life